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Commissioning and Turning Up 40G/100G Submarine Networks

40G/100G submarine network deploymentFrom the planning stage to the deployment of an undersea fiber-optic cable, a considerable amount of time, money and resources are invested to ensure the success of the submarine network. A point that is often overlooked during this process, and which can lead to unfortunate delays, is the final acceptance test of the fiber—simply put, it comes down to making sure that the fiber can deliver on the promised and expected bandwidth. This final acceptance test is often ignored since legacy data rates are considered as being extremely challenging to transmit.

Challenges of 40G/100G Submarine Networks

With the deployment of 40G/100G, newer and more serious challenges are at hand, and in order to face them, they must be understood and properly prepared for. To do so, there are some critical physical layer tests that must be performed, including dispersion testing, such as chromatic dispersion (CD) and polarization mode dispersion (PMD). Tests that were considered as being of some importance at 10 Gbit/s, have become critical at 40G/100G transmissions.

Once these parameters have been fully qualified and optimized, the system turn-up test must then be performed. These include signal power level and optical signal-to-noise ratio (OSNR) measurements, important in both repeated transoceanic or festoon links. Finally, the network end-to-end level qualification must be done; this is where all the relevant SONET/SDH tests are performed, including tests such as bit error rate (BER).

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Recommended Equipment

FTBx–88200NGE Power Blazer

FTBx–88200NGE Power Blazer

Next-generation, 100G, advanced multiservice test solution with CFP4 and QSFP28 interfaces.

Next-Generation Multiservice Test Modules—FTB-8120NGE/8130NGE Power Blazer

Next-Generation SONET/SDH

SONET/SDH, OTN, Ethernet and Fibre Channel test functions: a new standard in multiservice field testing.

Multiservice Test Module — FTB-88100NGE Power Blazer

Multiservice Test Module — FTB-88100NGE Power Blazer

Turnkey field-test solution for deploying, validating and troubleshooting networks up to 100G.

Optical Spectrum Analyzers—FTB-5240S/BP

Optical Spectrum Analysis

Highly accurate optical spectrum analyzers (OSAs) for current and next-generation networks.